Maritime security is the term for the measures that in recent years it has been decided are needed to protect shipping from external threats. To distinguish these security-matters from what is otherwise meant by maritime or ship safety, the term maritime security is used.
The Maritime Security Act (2004:487) entered into force on 1 July 2004. This is based on the regulations described in the ISPS Code (International Ship and Port Facility Security Code). Among other things, these regulations include:
- Passenger vessels operating on international routes, as well as services to Gotland.
- Cargo ships with a gross tonnage of 500 or above operating on international routes.
- Port facilities that provide services for any of the vessels stated above.
There are three security levels that a port may operate under. Normally ports operate at security level 1. When necessary the security level may be elevated to security level 2, and in exceptional circumstances security level 3 may apply. The security level that applies is decided by the Swedish authorities.
Port facilities at which maritime security applies
Stockholm Norvik: SENYN-0012
Frihamnen 630-652: SESTO-0011
Frihamnen Terminal: SESTO-0014
Nybrokajen 4-6: SESTO-0017
Skeppsbron 105-106: SESTO-0020
Stadsgården 157-160 including anchorage at Stockholms ström: SESTO-0021
Stadsgården Terminal: SESTO-0010