Maritime security is the term for the measures that it has been decided should be taken to protect shipping from the increased threats of recent years. To distinguish these “security issues” from what is otherwise generally meant by maritime safety the expression maritime security is used.
The Maritime Security Act (2004:487) came into effect on 1 July 2004. The system of rules compiled came into operation under the title of the ISPS Code (International Ship and Port Facility Security Code). The ISPS Code applies among others to the following:
- Passenger vessels in international traffic,
- Cargo vessels, including high speed vessels with a gross tonnage of 500 or more in international traffic,
- Port facilities serving any of the vessel types named above.
There are three levels of security that may be in operation at a port.Security measures are adapted to the following three levels of security: The normal security level for vessel and port routine operations is security level 1. Security level 2 applies when there is an increased risk of an incident occurring. Security level 3 applies when the danger of an incident occurring is probable or imminent. Swedish authorities decide the level of security that should apply.